Why are electrodes usually made from graphite or platinum? (2023)

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Why are electrodes usually made from graphite or platinum?

Why is Graphite Used for Electrodes? As well as being an excellent conductor, there are several other reasons why graphite is a common choice for electrodes. Graphite has a very high melting point, enabling it to be used to conduct electricity in high temperature reactions without changing state.

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Why are electrodes made of graphite or platinum?

Because of its outstanding conductive qualities, high melting point (which allows it to be utilized in a wide range of electrolysis processes), low cost, and toughness, graphite is a good choice for electrolysis electrodes.

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Why are electrodes made of platinum?

Platinum Metals

Platinum is biocompatible and therefore highly suitable for invasive electrodes and implants. Even if it is highly DC-polarizable, it is still suitable for DC potential measuring applications under strict zero DC current conditions.

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Why are electrodes made of graphite?

Graphite can conduct electricity due to the vast electron delocalization within the carbon layers (a phenomenon called aromaticity). These valence electrons are free to move, so are able to conduct electricity, therefore, graphite is used to make electrodes.

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Why is graphite preferred over platinum as an anode?

During the electrolysis of lead bromide, vapours are released at the anode and lead is deposited on the cathode. Since, graphite anode is preferred to platinum in this process because graphite remains unaffected by the bromine vapours.

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What are electrodes made from and why?

Electrodes can be made from any conductive material. Depending on the nature of the application, electrodes may be made from graphite, noble metals (gold, silver or platinum). Copper, titanium and brass are also commonly utilized.

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Why are carbon and platinum used as electrodes?

Carbon electrodes allow scans to more negative potentials than platinum or gold, as well as good anodic potential windows. The most common form of carbon electrode is glassy carbon, which is relatively expensive and difficult to machine. Carbon paste electrodes are also useful in many applications.

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What is the difference between graphite and platinum?

Graphite is a deeper almost slate grey while platinum is a more of a nickel-grey.

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Why are the electrodes made from platinum in the electrolysis of water?

This is due in part to the chemical reactions taking place and also the high temperatures that are required to keep the electrolyte solution molten. For these reasons, materials like platinum are perfect for electrodes. Platinum is nonreactive, or inert, and so is less likely to take part in a secondary reaction.

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Why is platinum used as the electrode on the cathode side?

It is necessary to use an inert electrode, such as platinum, because there is no metal present to conduct the electrons from the anode to the cathode.

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What are electrodes made from?

Electrodes often are made of metal. Sometimes they are graphite. But whatever they're made of, electrodes must be conductors. These electrodes are key parts of what scientists call an electrochemical cell.

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Why graphite is used for making electrodes in dry cell?

Graphite is a good conductor of electricity, in fact, as good as metals. However, if metals had been used for making electrodes, it might have corroded, or would have dissolved in acids or bases. This would reduce the efficiency of the cell. Graphite, on the other hand, does not have these problems.

Why are electrodes usually made from graphite or platinum? (2023)
What are two reasons why graphite is used as an electrode in electrolysis?

Graphite's excellent conductive properties, coupled with its high melting point (enabling it to be used appropriately in a wide range of different electrolysis reactions), low price and toughness means it's a good choice for an electrolysis electrode.

Why is platinum a good anode?

Platinum is used on the surface as a primary anode material due to its excellent corrosion resistance under anodic conditions coupled with its ability to pass current in all electrolytes without forming an insulating film. The corrosion resistance of platinum manifests itself in its low consumption rate.

Why is graphite the best conductor?

Graphite is a good conductor of electricity because it has delocalised electrons. The structure of graphite is formed by every carbon covalently bonding itself to three other carbon atoms. The last electron in every carbon atom is not bonded with any other carbon atom and is free to move.

Why is gold and platinum used as electrodes?

The metals like platinum and palladium are used as inert electrodes for carying out the process of electrolysis because these are not attaked by the ions involved in the process.

What is the most common material for electrodes?

Graphite is the most commonly used EDM electrode material because of its good machinability, wear resistance, and low cost. Like carbon, graphite is a non-metallic substance with an extremely-high sublimation temperature which provides resistance to high-temperature arcs.

Why is platinum used in standard hydrogen electrode?

Platinum is used in the Standard Hydrogen Electrode due to the following reasons: Platinum is a relatively inert metal which does not corrode easily. Platinum has catalytic qualities which promote the proton reduction reaction. The surface of platinum can be covered with platinum black, a fine powder of platinum.

Which metal is best for electrolysis?

Platinum is widely used as electrode material because of its stability despite the high cost. Nickel based metals are widely used in alkaline water electrolyzers, and therefore, used as a reference for the other materials [23]. Graphite is also stable, but not highly catalytic material.

What is the function of platinum?

Platinum is used extensively for jewellery. Its main use, however, is in catalytic converters for cars, trucks and buses. This accounts for about 50% of demand each year. Platinum is very effective at converting emissions from the vehicle's engine into less harmful waste products.

Why is platinum the best metal?

Platinum is an excellent value because of its inherent qualities: its purity, its strength, its durability and its rarity. When you purchase platinum jewelry, you are buying jewelry that is almost 100% pure.

Why is platinum metal preferred?

Platinum is especially good for this because it is unreactive, and does not produce a color in the flame which will mask the presence of other metals.

What is graphite used for?

Graphite is used in pencils, lubricants, crucibles, foundry facings, polishes, arc lamps, batteries, brushes for electric motors, and cores of nuclear reactors. It is mined extensively in China, India, Brazil, North Korea, and Canada. Graphite was first synthesized accidentally by Edward G.

Why the electrodes are made of platinum and not Aluminium?

Because it is inert when acting as an electrode (unreactive).

Is platinum good for electrolysis?

Platinum and iridium are the preferred catalysts for producing hydrogen through electrolysis at scale. But they are expensive and rare, offering serious bottlenecks in hydrogen's plans to replace gas worldwide.

What is platinum electrode made of?

For quantitative electro-chemical analysis in laboratories, Platinum Electrodes of various types are used. Generally, Electrodes are made of platinum 10% Iridium alloy for added mechanical strength which ensure long period of trouble free service.

What is the electrode material for electrolysis?

Steel and iron are the most commonly used for electrolysis of water. These electrodes are used as anode and it is sacrificed in electrolysis, as the anode rusts (get oxidized) and the cathode de-rusts (get reduced).

Why is graphite used as dry?

Graphite cleaves easily between the layers so it is very soft and slippery. As a result it is used as a dry lubricant in machines at high temperature. Lubricant oil used in machines should be of high vescosity.

What is the difference between graphite and graphite electrode?

The graphite electrode is mainly used in the electric furnace steel making process whereas the carbon is primarily used in the electro chemical analysis or electro chemical experiments process. The carbon is a good conductor of electric current and it is a key requirement for the successful electrolysis.

What is the use of graphite in electrolysis?

Graphite contains free electrons in their structures and thus is a good conductor of electricity. Also, it is inert to most of the chemicals. Due to these reasons, it is used in electrolytic cells.

Why is platinum the best catalyst?

Platinum's success has long been attributed to its “Goldilocks” binding energy. Ideal catalysts hold on to reacting molecules neither too loosely nor too tightly, but somewhere in the middle. Bind the molecules too loosely and it's difficult to get a reaction started.

Is platinum a good reference electrode?

Suitability Tests on Platinum Wire Reference Electrodes

The voltammetric reading was less than 0.2 mV in each case. This value is much lower than the standard maximum allowed for this test, which is 3 mV. These results indicate that Pt wire is an adequate reference electrode for routine laboratory use.

Is platinum the anode or cathode?

In inorganic chemical industry platinum is widely used as the anode in a number of electrochemical processes, but perhaps least known is its usefulness as an anode in the electrolytic oxidation of organic compounds.

Why is graphite material so strong?

As previously touched upon, graphite has a planar, layered structure; each layer being made up of carbon atoms linked together in a hexagonal lattice. These links, or covalent bonds as they are more technically known, are extremely strong, and the carbon atoms are separated by only 0.142 nanometres.

Why is graphite better?

Due to the presence of weak Vander Waal force of attraction among the layer, they can slide over each other leading to the slippery nature of graphite. Hence, graphite is used as a better lubricant due to the slippery nature of graphite.

Why graphite is one of the best conductor of electricity but is not used in making wires Class 8?

Graphite being a form of carbon(a non metal) is not ductile in nature and hence cannot be drawin into a wire as it will break on being pulled.

Why do electrodes have to be made from different materials?

Important properties of electrode materials are conductivity, corrosion resistance, hardness, current load, form, and size. Many of these are determined by inherent characteristics of the material.

What are electrodes usually made from?

Electrodes often are made of metal. Sometimes they are graphite. But whatever they're made of, electrodes must be conductors. These electrodes are key parts of what scientists call an electrochemical cell.

What material is electrode made of?

Metal based electrodes include stainless steel plate, stainless steel mesh, stainless steel scrubber, silver sheet, nickel sheet, copper sheet, gold sheet, and titanium plate. Some of the electrode materials were developed in porous structures to allow for higher surface areas as well as adsorption of contaminants.

What properties of graphite makes it suitable for use as an electrode?

Graphite is a non-metallic conductor of electricity. Moreover, it is cheap, insoluble in water, acids and bases; and is non-corrosive material. Due to these properties, it is used in making electrodes.


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